Posted by & filed under /dev/random, Tools & Methodology.

Needed a working whois for an ongoing project, so I quickly ported this snippet of whois code to Python 3, the result is below:

"""
Whois client for python

transliteration of:

http://www.opensource.apple.com/source/adv_cmds/adv_cmds-138.1/whois/whois.c

Copyright (c) 2010 Chris Wolf

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
THE SOFTWARE.

  Last edited by:  $Author$
              on:  $DateTime$
        Revision:  $Revision$
              Id:  $Id$
          Author:  Chris Wolf
"""
import sys
import socket
import optparse
import locale
#import pdb


class NICClient(object) :

    ABUSEHOST           = "whois.abuse.net"
    NICHOST             = "whois.crsnic.net"
    INICHOST            = "whois.networksolutions.com"
    DNICHOST            = "whois.nic.mil"
    GNICHOST            = "whois.nic.gov"
    ANICHOST            = "whois.arin.net"
    LNICHOST            = "whois.lacnic.net"
    RNICHOST            = "whois.ripe.net"
    PNICHOST            = "whois.apnic.net"
    MNICHOST            = "whois.ra.net"
    QNICHOST_TAIL       = ".whois-servers.net"
    SNICHOST            = "whois.6bone.net"
    BNICHOST            = "whois.registro.br"
    NORIDHOST           = "whois.norid.no"
    IANAHOST            = "whois.iana.org"
    GERMNICHOST         = "de.whois-servers.net"
    DEFAULT_PORT        = "nicname"
    WHOIS_SERVER_ID     = "Whois Server:"
    WHOIS_ORG_SERVER_ID = "Registrant Street1:Whois Server:"


    WHOIS_RECURSE       = 0x01
    WHOIS_QUICK         = 0x02

    ip_whois = [ LNICHOST, RNICHOST, PNICHOST, BNICHOST ]
    
    language, encoding = locale.getdefaultlocale()

    def __init__(self) :
        self.use_qnichost = False
        
    def findwhois_server(self, buf, hostname):
        """Search the initial TLD lookup results for the regional-specifc
        whois server for getting contact details.
        """
        nhost = None
        parts_index = 1
        start = buf.find(NICClient.WHOIS_SERVER_ID)
        if (start == -1):
            start = buf.find(NICClient.WHOIS_ORG_SERVER_ID)
            parts_index = 2
        
        if (start > -1):   
            end = buf[start:].find('\n')
            whois_line = buf[start:end+start]
            whois_parts = whois_line.split(':')
            nhost = whois_parts[parts_index].strip()
        elif (hostname == NICClient.ANICHOST):
            for nichost in NICClient.ip_whois:
                if (buf.find(nichost) != -1):
                    nhost = nichost
                    break
        return nhost
        
    def whois(self, query, hostname, flags):
        """Perform initial lookup with TLD whois server
        then, if the quick flag is false, search that result 
        for the region-specifc whois server and do a lookup
        there for contact details
        """
        #pdb.set_trace()
        s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
        s.connect((hostname, 43))
        if (hostname == NICClient.GERMNICHOST):
            s.send(("-T dn,ace -C US-ASCII " + query + "\r\n").encode())
        else:
            s.send((query + "\r\n").encode())
        response = b""
        while True:
            d = s.recv(4096)
            response += d
            if not d:
                break
        s.close()
        #pdb.set_trace()
        nhost = None
        if (flags & NICClient.WHOIS_RECURSE and nhost == None):
            nhost = self.findwhois_server(response.decode(), hostname)
        if (nhost != None):
            response += self.whois(query, nhost, 0)
        return response
    
    def choose_server(self, domain):
        """Choose initial lookup NIC host"""
        if (domain.endswith("-NORID")):
            return NICClient.NORIDHOST
        pos = domain.rfind('.')
        if (pos == -1):
            return None
        tld = domain[pos+1:]
        if (tld[0].isdigit()):
            return NICClient.ANICHOST
    
        return tld + NICClient.QNICHOST_TAIL
    
    def whois_lookup(self, options, query_arg, flags):
        """Main entry point: Perform initial lookup on TLD whois server, 
        or other server to get region-specific whois server, then if quick 
        flag is false, perform a second lookup on the region-specific 
        server for contact records"""
        nichost = None
        #pdb.set_trace()
        # this would be the case when this function is called by other then main
        if (options == None):                     
            options = {}
     
        if ( ('whoishost' not in options or options['whoishost'] == None)
              and ('country' not in options or options['country'] == None)):
            self.use_qnichost = True
            options['whoishost'] = NICClient.NICHOST
            if ( not (flags & NICClient.WHOIS_QUICK)):
                flags |= NICClient.WHOIS_RECURSE
            
        if ('country' in options and options['country'] != None):
            result = self.whois(query_arg, options['country'] + NICClient.QNICHOST_TAIL, flags)
        elif (self.use_qnichost):
            nichost = self.choose_server(query_arg)
            if (nichost != None):
                result = self.whois(query_arg, nichost, flags)           
        else:
            result = self.whois(query_arg, options['whoishost'], flags)
            
        return result.decode()
#---- END OF NICClient class def ---------------------
    
def parse_command_line(argv):
    """Options handling mostly follows the UNIX whois(1) man page, except
    long-form options can also be used.
    """
    flags = 0
    
    usage = "usage: %prog [options] name"
            
    parser = optparse.OptionParser(add_help_option=False, usage=usage)
    parser.add_option("-a", "--arin", action="store_const", 
                      const=NICClient.ANICHOST, dest="whoishost",
                      help="Lookup using host " + NICClient.ANICHOST)
    parser.add_option("-A", "--apnic", action="store_const", 
                      const=NICClient.PNICHOST, dest="whoishost",
                      help="Lookup using host " + NICClient.PNICHOST)
    parser.add_option("-b", "--abuse", action="store_const", 
                      const=NICClient.ABUSEHOST, dest="whoishost",
                      help="Lookup using host " + NICClient.ABUSEHOST)
    parser.add_option("-c", "--country", action="store", 
                      type="string", dest="country",
                      help="Lookup using country-specific NIC")
    parser.add_option("-d", "--mil", action="store_const", 
                      const=NICClient.DNICHOST, dest="whoishost",
                      help="Lookup using host " + NICClient.DNICHOST)
    parser.add_option("-g", "--gov", action="store_const", 
                      const=NICClient.GNICHOST, dest="whoishost",
                      help="Lookup using host " + NICClient.GNICHOST)
    parser.add_option("-h", "--host", action="store", 
                      type="string", dest="whoishost",
                       help="Lookup using specified whois host")
    parser.add_option("-i", "--nws", action="store_const", 
                      const=NICClient.INICHOST, dest="whoishost",
                      help="Lookup using host " + NICClient.INICHOST)
    parser.add_option("-I", "--iana", action="store_const", 
                      const=NICClient.IANAHOST, dest="whoishost",
                      help="Lookup using host " + NICClient.IANAHOST)
    parser.add_option("-l", "--lcanic", action="store_const", 
                      const=NICClient.LNICHOST, dest="whoishost",
                      help="Lookup using host " + NICClient.LNICHOST)
    parser.add_option("-m", "--ra", action="store_const", 
                      const=NICClient.MNICHOST, dest="whoishost",
                      help="Lookup using host " + NICClient.MNICHOST)
    parser.add_option("-p", "--port", action="store", 
                      type="int", dest="port",
                      help="Lookup using specified tcp port")
    parser.add_option("-Q", "--quick", action="store_true", 
                     dest="b_quicklookup", 
                     help="Perform quick lookup")
    parser.add_option("-r", "--ripe", action="store_const", 
                      const=NICClient.RNICHOST, dest="whoishost",
                      help="Lookup using host " + NICClient.RNICHOST)
    parser.add_option("-R", "--ru", action="store_const", 
                      const="ru", dest="country",
                      help="Lookup Russian NIC")
    parser.add_option("-6", "--6bone", action="store_const", 
                      const=NICClient.SNICHOST, dest="whoishost",
                      help="Lookup using host " + NICClient.SNICHOST)
    parser.add_option("-?", "--help", action="help")

        
    return parser.parse_args(argv)
    
if __name__ == "__main__":
    flags = 0
    nic_client = NICClient()
    (options, args) = parse_command_line(sys.argv)
    if (options.b_quicklookup is True):
        flags = flags|NICClient.WHOIS_QUICK
    print((nic_client.whois_lookup(options.__dict__, args[1], flags)))

7 Responses to “A quick Python 3 Whois implementation”

  1. mrlanrat

    I cant seem to get this script to work, I think it may be because the indents are wrong, I did my best to guess where they should be since the code above does not have any of the needed python whitespace.

    Can you post another copy with proper indents or post the .py file for download?

    Thanks.

    Reply
  2. Carsten

    Hi mrlanrat, I’ve updated the script now; it seems to have been formatted erroneously when I published it. Thanks for pointing it out! It should work now, drop me a line if you run into any trouble.

    Reply

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